This monument is located near the dolmens of Trikuaizti, and its excavation has yielded interesting data that is complementary to that already possessed about this megalithic area, which is relevant due to the high concentration of monuments.
It is located in the municipality of Ezkio-Itsaso, on the road that goes from Venta de Mandubia up to the hermitage of Kizkitza.
This monument is located near the dolmens of Trikuaizti, and its excavation has yielded interesting data that is complementary to that already possessed about this megalithic area, which is important due to the high concentration of monuments.
Leave the farmhouse in front of Venta de Mandubia and pass the meadow with hunting stalls on the left. When the meadow ends, a row of trees mark the beginning of the forest. Turn left following the fence of the meadow and after 50 metres the monument is marked by a plaque:
Trikuharria – Dolmen
Historiaurreko hilobia – historic burial site
In Venta de Mandubia there are photos next to the bar of the dolmens in the area.
Once the presence of a mound that was similar to those of Trikuaizti was noticed, excavations began, directed by J.A. Mujika Alustiza, with the help of fifteen students from the Faculty of Philology, Geography and History at the University of the Basque Country, funded by the Provincial Government’s Department of Culture. After the initial cleaning, the surface of the burial mound appeared, made of small basalt ridges, which are mostly concentrated in the central area. Towards the periphery there were larger blocks that would have formed the base for the structure of the mound.
The excavation of this enclosure has resulted in the discovery of mainly teeth and human bones interspersed between basalt and marl ridges. On the other hand, a large slab was found among several basalt blocks, giving the impression that they were dumped or deposited in order to seal a layer of human remains that were deposited at an earlier stage. This is very interesting as this type of stratigraphy inside a dolmen is a very rare.
Among the industrial remains recovered there was a copper or brass spike, several flint arrowheads and fins, two beads made of horn and bone, fragments of a ceramic vessel, etc..
These objects show that the tomb was used around the 2nd millennium BC.
From the book “Arkeoleta Ikusketa 98″
Archaeological Research, Basque Government, Department of Culture.
Text: J.A. Mujika Alustiza